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Indoor air quality has a great effect on human health. It’s been said that individuals spend 90 percent or more of their time indoors, where pollutants are generally 2-5 times higher than outdoor concentrations. Additionally, the exchange rate with the outdoors is vital when determining the concentrations of indoor air pollutants. Outdoor climate and weather conditions can affect indoor air quality as well. Certain conditions will enhance mold growth if the environment isn’t controlled by proper ventilation or air conditioning.

Commonly Found Pollutants In the Home

Pollutants are substances or energy that has been introduced into the environment that can cause harmful side effects or even death.

Some indoor pollutants of concern that can be found are:

  • Molds
  • Pesticides
  • Lead
  • Asbestos
  • Carbon monoxide
  • Tobacco smoke
  • Volatile organic compounds from certain materials
  • Cleaning supplies
  • Paints
  • Insecticides
  • Radon
  • Pet dander

Human Health Effects

The effects on human health due to these various pollutants can range from mild to lethal. Pollutants such as dust mites, mold, and pet dander can lead to asthma triggers. Radon can cause lung cancer, carbon monoxide can be lethal, and exposure to the Legionella bacterium can cause Legionnaires’ disease.

What’s the Difference Between An Air Purifier and Air Sanitizer?

One of the best ways to ensure sufficient indoor air quality in the home is to invest in an air sanitizer or an air purifier. Both of them work similarly, but they do so in different forms.

Air Purifier: An air purifier works by removing particulate matter from the air through a filtration system. One of the most common operating principles of an air purifier is a HEPA filter. It filters dust, allergens, and most air pathogens. There are also Ionic purifiers that charge dust particles and then use electromagnetism to make them stick.

  • Air Sanitizer: An air sanitizer uses ultraviolet light to exterminate pathogens and neutralize various chemicals that are present in indoor air. This type of technology can be used in smaller units and installed in line with air conditioning ducts. This will allow the whole home to be sanitized rather than just one room with a standalone unit. However, standalone units are more affordable.

Alternate Methods for Improving Indoor Air Quality

Improving indoor air quality doesn’t have to cost an arm and a leg or be difficult. There are several ways indoor air quality can be kept healthy.

Some of these methods include:

  • Keeping the home clean: A clean house can be a healthier house because it cuts down on dust and dander. Vacuum carpets with a HEPA cleaner, clean bedding regularly, vacuum curtains, and clean clutter as this can trap dust.
  • Change filters: Forced-air heated homes should have the filters changed regularly. This can ensure that dust and other irritants are trapped within the filter and not circulated through the home. Homeowners should clear out ducts as well.
  • Bring fresh air inside: Even when it’s cold, open the windows once in a while. Allow fresh air to move freely throughout the house.

About Go Green Express Home Services

Go Green Express Home Services is an HVAC company based out of New Windsor, NY. They have been serving the Hudson Valley since 1977. They offer free estimates, eco-friendly services, and emergency repair services. Contact them to learn more about indoor air quality service today!